ByÂ Joshua Miller, Roll Call
Blame it on the Jersey Shore.
Or blame it on all of New Jersey, really.
New Jerseyâ€™s coastal and beach-laden Cape May County lost 4.9 percent of its population, and while the Garden Stateâ€™s total population increased from 2000 to 2010, it didnâ€™t keep pace with the rest of the country. That means New Jersey will go from 13 to 12 Representatives come January 2013. With no retirements on the horizon, it sets up the familiar redistricting game of musical chairs: 13 Members but only 12 seats.
New Jerseyâ€™s Constitution mandates Congressional redistricting be completed by a panel consisting of six Democrats, six Republicans and an independent 13th member who serves as chairman and is chosen by the partisan members. John Farmer Jr., the dean of Rutgers School of Law-Newark, was unanimously chosen last week as the independent vote. Farmer was the state attorney general under Republican Govs. Christie Todd Whitman and Donald DiFrancesco. He also served as senior counsel on the 9/11 Commission.
â€œIâ€™m going into this with a fairly open mind,â€ Farmer told Roll Call. â€œIâ€™m independent, which means that Iâ€™m one of the majority of voters in New Jersey, not a registered Democrat or registered Republican.â€
There are a number of different scenarios that could play out, though all are speculation at this point because the redistricting panel has not begun its work.
Republicans see Democratic northeastern New Jersey, where districts need to gain substantial population, as the best place to get rid of a seat.
â€œThatâ€™s a place where you might see some consolidation,â€ said one of the Republicans on the commission. The member pointed to the fact that the 8th, 9th and 10th districts need to gain the most population in the new map. â€œThe three districts that are the most underpopulated are all contiguous to each other and all in the northeastern part of the state,â€ the Republican added.
The 10th district, currently represented by Rep.Â Donald Payne (D), needs to gain the most population: almost 100,000 new residents. But the Newark-based district has a majority minority population and because of the Voting Rights Act is unlikely to be eliminated. That leaves the potential of a Member-Member matchup between Democratic Reps.Â Bill Pascrell and Steve Rothman, who represent the 8th and 9th, respectively.
But Democrats donâ€™t see a consolidation in the northeastern part of the state, which would likely create a map with six Democratic and six Republican districts, as the best way forward.
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