ByÂ Steve Peoples, Roll Call
Christine Oâ€™Donnell raised $62,575 in her first Senate campaign. Four years later, the 41-year old Delaware media consultant raised $7.3 million, shattering her previous effort by more than 10,000 percent while rewriting the book on â€œnontraditionalâ€ campaign fundraising in 2010.
An incomplete batch of campaign finance records released in recent days tells a similar story in Senate contests across the nation, where a handful of little-known conservative darlings in Colorado, Nevada and Alaska destroyed fundraising expectations and â€” whether they won or lost Ââ€” likely cemented the tea partyâ€™s political power for at least the next two years.
â€œA lot of the tea party candidates developed a philosophical, ideological constituency, well beyond their geographic constituency,â€ said Dave Levinthal of the Center for Responsive Politics. â€œWhen you grow bigger than your political borders, you suddenly have the advantage of attracting cash from every corner of the country.â€
Most of Oâ€™Donnellâ€™s haul came from outside the state. That was also the case for Coloradoâ€™s Ken Buck, who upset the Republican establishmentâ€™s hand-picked GOP challenger in an August primary before falling to Sen.Â Michael Bennet (D) in the general election.
In the losing bid, Buck raised $4.7 million, nearly 90 percent coming from individual donors, many from outside of Colorado. Almost $1.2 million, or one-quarter of all his receipts, were donations of less than $200, according to his most recent filing with the Federal Election Commission that covers the period through Election Day.
In Alaskaâ€™s roller-coaster Senate contest, tea party favorite Joe Miller raised more than $3 million during the cycle, with more than 92 percent coming from individuals. He finished the most recent filing period, Oct. 14 to Nov. 22, with nearly $980,000 in the bank, money almost certainly being diverted to his ongoing legal fight against Sen.Â Lisa Murkowski, who was declared the winner in a historic write-in bid. But itâ€™s unclear whether Miller left money on the table that could have gone to better use.
Some tea party candidates couldnâ€™t spend their money fast enough.
Less than a week before Election Day, Oâ€™Donnell had trouble finding a place to air a 24-minute campaign documentary soon after her shocking GOP primary victory over Rep.Â Mike Castle. The cost of the massive buy wasnâ€™t the problem; it was simply finding an outlet with an open time slot. The ad ultimately ran on a public access station and a local Fox affiliate.
Desperate to harness their surprising fundraising power, some conservatives hired additional consultants to help shape spending strategies amid an erratic flood of national donations. Republicans had seen this just a handful of times in recent years as Massachusetts Sen.Â Scott Brown and Florida Rep.-elect Allen West saw money pour in from across the country for their candidacies. Only Barack Obamaâ€™s 2008 presidential bid had tapped into the magnitude of the fundraising possibilities that opened to tea party favorites in 2010.
Oâ€™Donnellâ€™s campaign hired Carolyn Machado, a principal at Machado & Co., a month and a half before Election Day to help project cash flows.
â€œShe went from raising no money to lightning in a bottle very quickly, and needed to move very quickly on harnessing that and organizing that,â€ Machado said of what she calls the tea partyâ€™s â€œnontraditionalâ€ fundraising model.
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